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FRIEDRICHSBURG GATE

The Friedrichsburg Gate is the only surviving element of the former fortress of Friedrichsburg. These gates were built in 1852 according to the design of F. A. Stuler. In their architecture they resemble the city gates of Koenigsberg.

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Калининград

Kaliningrad, Portovaja street 39

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The Friedrichsburg Gate is the only surviving element of the former fortress of Friedrichsburg. These gates were built in 1852 according to the design of F. A. Stuler. In their architecture they resemble the city gates of Koenigsberg. As well as the city gates, the gates of the fortress were built of burnt figured brick in the Neo-Gothic style.

The gates consist of a central driveway portal in the arch shape, to the sides of which are symmetrically located casemates for the garrison. On the sides of the passage there are four round towers. The gates are adorned with decorative parapets with prongs and false Gothic windows.

They led to the Fort Friedrichsburg (built in the 17th century to protect the Pregol riverbed), which in the middle of the 19th century became an integral part of the second fortification barrage. The citadel was demolished after the World War I when laying new railroad tracks. The recently restored Friedrichsburg Gate is the only reminder of the once existed fort where Peter I, who arrived in 1697 in Koenigsberg with the Grand Embassy under the name of Peter Mikhailov, studied artillery science and even received a certificate that allows "to recognize and honor" its owner "for the perfect In throwing bombs, a cautious and skillful firearm artist".

Construction description by Baldur Koester (translated by Alexey Shabunin):
The gate to the small fort was developed in the Stuler presence in the Technical Building Deputation in Berlin. They do not differ from the city gates. And their powerful round towers are most reminiscent of the Zakhaim Gates. But in full counterweight to them, these gates do not have an imbalance in their horizontal and vertical elements. Since they have a narrow strip of cornice under the crown of the prongs, it also passes around the curvature of the towers, so they are braked in their aspiration to skyward. And the upward movement of Gothic structures is limited: forms of openwork ornaments, both above the gates, and in separate prongs, there is no breakthrough from the general concept by adding rectangular shapes. The middle part above the gate's arch very clearly shows the high quality of the work on the laying of the brick wall in the middle of the 19th century, and how with the help of bricks of different colors it was possible to make complex gothic shapes.

Restoration of the gate began only at the beginning of the XXI century, after which they became a branch of the Museum of the World Ocean. The historical and cultural center "Ship Resurrection" located in them, dedicated to the history of shipbuilding, which is presented not only in photographs and drawings, but also in "live" exhibits. The "Lodeiny Yard" exhibits samples of traditional Russian boats - the Vologda "birch bark boat", the Azov rowing boat, the Chukchi kayak, etc.

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